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Sunday, March 11, 2007

Beryl on Debian Etch

Install Beryl on Debian
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* 1 Beryl With AIGLX or without
o 1.1 Requirements
+ 1.1.1 Drivers
o 1.2 Required packages
o 1.3 Beryl Packages
o 1.4 Configure xorg.conf
* 2 Compiling Beryl for other non-Debian distributions
o 2.1 Getting the Sources
o 2.2 Requirements
o 2.3 Building
* 3 Beryl with XGL
o 3.1 Requirements
o 3.2 Drivers
o 3.3 Required Packages
o 3.4 Download Beryl's debs
o 3.5 XGL Download and Install
o 3.7 XGL with Xfce4 and Beryl
+ 3.7.1 Xgl symbolic link
+ 3.7.2 GDM with XGL
o 3.8 Other tutorial
* 4 SVN snapshots repository

Beryl With AIGLX or without

* Debian unstable distribution. If you use testing, these will need to be downloaded from unstable.
* Debian Etch/Unstable Xorg 7.1
* Video card support under AIGLX ( ATI or Intel ) or NVIDIA Card with 9xxx drivers


* The ATI radeon r2xx,r3xx free driver works fine.
* The Intel i810 works fine [confirmed].
* The NVIDIA driver works fine
* S3 SuperSavage IX/C does not work. (AIGLX error "drmMap of framebuffer failed" shuts X down)

Required packages

* Install the libxcomposite1 package from apt.

Beryl Packages

* Download:


For GNOME or KDE Users You can use the Emerald window decorator:


For KDE users you can use the new aquamarine window decorator:


Official Debian Unstable Repositories

Insert non-formatted text here===Debian Unstable distribution===

As of January 11th, 2007 beryl has been submitted for upload to Debian unstable. This will take a week to appear on the mirrors and will contain the beryl 0.1.4 release ONLY.

Unsupported Debian repositories

Packages are available from To enable this repository, add the following two lines to /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb etch main
deb-src etch main

To avoid warnings about unauthenticated packages, you can import the archive's signing key by running

wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -

* Latest and greatest builds, both daily and relatively stable. Amd64 included. Recently launched as of January 27th 2007.

* Repository Beryl-svn Debian Unstable only 386 (more information)

* Unofficial 0.1.3 debs for Debian Etch i386 (without XGL support) are availabe at this repository: (more information).

deb ./

Download them from for 386 or amd64 (this is an ubuntu repository! doesn't work with apt )

Please for amd64 add this repository to your sources.list:

deb beryl ./

and use apt-get install packages (please take care of a previous error on this link). Another faster repository for amd64 is

deb ./

Or alternatively packages for unstable: get 'em here (doesn't work for all)

Install it in that order with dpkg -i:

emerald and or aquamarine

Configure xorg.conf

* Add these lines to your section "Device" in your xorg.conf:

Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true"# Optional if NVIDIA drivers are used
Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "On"
Option "AllowGLXWithComposite" "true" # not work without it on NVidia GForgeMX400 for me

* Add these lines at the end of your xorg.conf:

Section "Extensions"
Option "Composite" "Enable"

* Restart GDM

Compiling Beryl for other non-Debian distributions
Getting the Sources

Also see: Install Beryl on Debian from the SVN snapshots repository

The SVN repository is available at svn:// It can be checked out by using this command:

svn co svn:// beryl

* Important When Compiling

Always remember to remove the old beryl installation if you have one and compile everything with the same prefix, the makeall script will do this for you.

Comment: The sources can also be found using trac, but what is the URL to the repos?

Read *.spec file in trunk/distro-specific-build-files directory. Example beryl-core.spec:

BuildRequires: X11-devel >= 1.0.0
BuildRequires: x11-util-macros >= 1.0.1
BuildRequires: x11-proto-devel
BuildRequires: libpng-devel
BuildRequires: libwnck-devel
BuildRequires: libgnome-window-settings-devel
BuildRequires: gnome-desktop-devel
BuildRequires: libxcomposite-devel
BuildRequires: libxdamage-devel
BuildRequires: intltool


Example for beryl-core:

In trunk directory:

cd /trunk
cp -r distro-specific-build-files/beryl-core/debian/ beryl-core/
cd beryl-core/
chmod +x
chmod +x debian/rules
./ --prefix=/usr
dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot

Then you have beryl-core beryl-core-dev... Install them with dpkg.

The other packages depend on beryl-core and beryl-core-dev


BuildRequires: beryl-core-devel

Install nvidia beta drivers. Not you need XGL, your session runs and it executes beryl-manage

There's a tutorial in french and this man have made a script which auto-build packages and satisfy depends:

Note: If libtool is not installed, autoconf might complaint.

I've written an alternative script in python to automate the build. Start with a fresh svn checkout, change to the beryl directory and run the script. I've also attempted to correct for bug #1261.
Beryl with XGL

PLEASE Note: Debian Etch does not have XGL support. If your video card is not supported with AIGLX, you will have to get a custom XGL package compiled for Debian

1. Debian testing distribution or the unstable distribution (sid)
2. You should have Xorg 7.1
3. Video Card Support Under XGL


* nvidia:
* ati:
* intel:

Required Packages

* Make:

wajig install libdrm2 libpng3 libpng12-0 libpng12-dev \
libxdamage1 libxcomposite1 x11proto-core-dev x11proto-composite-dev \
x11proto-damage-dev x11proto-fixes-dev x11proto-gl-dev \
x11proto-render-dev x11proto-randr-dev

* and:

wajig install libcairo2 libcairo2-dev libcairomm-1.0-0 libcairo-perl \
python-cairo libgl1-mesa-dev libgl1-mesa-dri \
libgl1-mesa-glx libglu1-mesa libwxgtk2.4-1 libwxgtk2.6-0 \
mesa-common-dev mesa-utils libsvn1 libglitz1 libglitz-glx1 \
libxfont1 libfontenc1 libwnck-common libwnck18

Download Beryl's debs

Depot : 1° deb edgy main

2° deb-src edgy main

* Download:


* Repository Beryl-svn Debian Unstable only 386 More informations
* Repository Beryl-svn Debian Unstable PowePC More informations
* You can find Beryl packages at: (Pay attention to the dependencies and ensure they are met.)
* For amd64, beryl's packages:

Or for amd64 you can add deb to your sources.list,apt-get update and install with apt-get install name_of_the_package...

* In the directory where the packages are you make:

dpkg -i *.deb

XGL Download and Install

* Download from for 386 or amd64


* Then

dpkg -i xserver-xgl...


NVIDIA xorg.conf file:

* In section modules

#Load "GLcore"
#Load "dri"
Load "glx"

* Add section:

Section "Extensions"
Option "Composite" "Enable"

* In Section Device:

Driver "nvidia" # instead of nv
Option "RenderAccel" "true" # render accel is enabled by default
Option "AllowGLXWithComposite" "true"

* In section Screen:

Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"

* Other options:

ATI xorg.conf file:

* In Section Device:

Driver "fglrx"

* The next thing we need to do is disable Composition in our config file, this is done by adding these lines to the configuration file:

Section "Extensions"
Option "Composite" "0"

INTEL xorg.conf file:
XGL with Xfce4 and Beryl


#for nvidia card
Xgl :0 -ac -accel glx:fbo:0 -accel xv:fbo -fp /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc & sleep 5;
#run xfce4
DISPLAY=:0 xfce4-session &
DISPLAY=:0 beryl-xgl --replace dbus settings &
DISPLAY=:0 emerald –-replace

* For ati and intel cards, use xv:pbuffer.

Xgl symbolic link

root# rm /usr/bin/X
root# ln -s /usr/bin/Xgl /usr/bin/X

* Undo:

root# rm /usr/bin/X
root# ln -s /usr/bin/Xorg /usr/bin/X

GDM with XGL

In /etc/gdm/gdm.conf:


0=Xgl # replace X by Xgl

command=/usr/X11R6/bin/Xgl :0 -fullscreen -fp /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc
-ac -accel glx:pbuffer -accel xv:fbo

* For ati and intel cards, use xv:pbuffer.

Other tutorial

A tutorial in French: [ ]
SVN snapshots repository

Instructions to use an Unofficial SVN snapshots repository can be found here.
Retrieved from ""

Categories: Installation instructions | Debian

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